Global biomass-CCS for meeting the 1.5° target: Analysis of potentials, side effects and synergies for
atmospheric C removal and C sequestration by biomass carbonization

Principal Investigator

Start date: 01.04.2017
End date: 31.03.2019


To limit global warming to 1.5 K above the preindustrial level and to draw down temporary overshooting
greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions or balance them, large-scale land management with bioenergy
plantations is necessary to achieve negative emissions (NE). However, altering biospheric land use at a
global scale may threaten other global sustainability goals (SDGs, e.g. world population food demands).
Using biomass for producing bioenergy plus biochar offers the option to combine C sequestration with
economic value generation which is not the case when bioenergy with liquid CO2-capture and geological
storage is used. Biomass carbonization (pyrolysis) technology can readily be deployed from rural-decentral
up to industrial scales. The project quantifies the global potential for biochar-CCS by biomass plantations
and agriculture, with a special focus (for land and water use) on SDGs (human nutrition, ecosystem

External Partners

Research Areas


Biogeochemical potential of biomass pyrolysis systems for limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees C (2018)
Environmental Research Letters
Werner C., Schmidt H.P., Gerten D., Lucht W., Kammann C.