Designing biochar properties through the blending of biomass feedstock with metals: Impact on oxyanions adsorption behavior

Details zur Publikation
Autorenliste: Dieguez-Alonso A., Anca-Couce A., Fristak V., Moreno-Jimenez E., Bacher M., Bucheli T.D., Cimo G., Conte P., Hagemann N., Haller A., Hilber I., Husson O., Kammann C., Kienzl N., Leifeld J., Rosenau T., Soja G., Schmidt H.P.
Jahr der Veröffentlichung: 2019
Quelle: Chemosphere
Bandnummer: 214
Erste Seite: 743
Letzte Seite: 753
Verlag: Elsevier
ISSN: 0045-6535
eISSN: 1879-1298
DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2018.09.091
Sprachen: Englisch
Peer reviewed

Metal-blending of biomass prior to pyrolysis is investigated in this work as a tool to modify biochar physico-chemical properties and its behavior as adsorbent. Six different compounds were used for metal blending: AlCl3, Cu(OH)(2), FeSO4, KCl, MgCl2 and Mg(OH)(2). Pyrolysis experiments were performed at 400 and 700 C and the characterization of biochar properties included: elemental composition, thermal stability, surface area and pore size distribution, Zeta potential, redox potential, chemical structure (with nuclear magnetic resonance) and adsorption behavior of arsenate, phosphate and nitrate. Metalblending strongly affected biochars' surface charge and redox potential. Moreover, it increased biochars' micro porosity (per mass of organic carbon). For most biochars, mesoporosity was also increased. The adsorption behavior was enhanced for all metal-blended biochars, although with significant differences across species: Mg(OH)(2)-blended biochar produced at 400 degrees C showed the highest phosphate adsorption capacity (Langmuir Q(max) approx. 250 mg g(-1)), while AICl(3)-blended biochar produced also at 400 degrees C showed the highest arsenate adsorption (Langmuir Qma. approx. 14 mg g(-1)). Significant differences were present, even for the same biochar, with respect to the investigated oxyanions. This indicates that biochar properties need to be optimized for each application, but also that this optimization can be achieved with tools such as metal-blending. These results constitute a significant contribution towards the production of designer biochars. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.