Evaluation of grapevine trunk size by use of a handheld camera and three-dimensional modelling

Details zur Publikation
Autorenliste: Bou Nader K., Pfahl M., Gomes E., Stoll M.
Jahr der Veröffentlichung: 2019
Quelle: OENO One
Bandnummer: 53
Heftnummer: 4
Erste Seite: 611
Letzte Seite: 618
Verlag: ADERA
ISSN: 2494-1271
eISSN: 2494-1271
DOI: 10.20870/oeno-one.2019.53.4.2310
Sprachen: Englisch
Peer reviewed


Background and aims: Measurement of grapevine size is necessary to assess carbon reserves at the level of individual vines and to estimate the carbon sequestration potential of vineyards. Methods of measurement rely mostly on traditional dendrological techniques that may be prone to error. In this study, we examined the use of structure-from-motion with multiview stereophotogrammetry (SfM-MVS) to obtain accurate measurements of vine trunk thickness and volume. SfM-MVS enables the creation of scaled, georeferenced three-dimensional models based on a set of overlapping photographs.
Methods and results: The study was conducted using field-grown Vitis vinifera L. cv. Riesling vines aged 5, 22 and 46 years and pruned in a bilateral Guyot. Trunk diameter, cross-sectional area and circumference 10 cm above the grafting point were measured by traditional dendrometry, and the values obtained compared with corresponding estimates from reconstructed three-dimensional SfM-MVS models. SfM-MVS was also used to estimate total trunk volume. Correlation between measured values and modelled estimates was close to unity (0.976 ≤ R2 ≤ 0.988). The estimates for 5-year-old vines had the largest errors.
Conclusions: Under adequate lighting conditions and with sufficient image resolution, SfM-MVS is able to produce accurate models of vine trunks.
Significance of the study: This work serves as proof of concept for the use of SfM-MVS to measure the trunk size of field-grown grapevines of different ages. This technique, which is relatively new, is cost-effective and easy to implement. Further research is necessary to determine specific applications of SfM-MVS, in which it could supplement or replace traditional dendrological techniques.